Climate Monitoring Resources

I’ve gathered together a list of regularly updated resources for climate monitoring. This is the kind of information you can use to get a reasonably up-to-date view of what’s happening around the world in the climate. This can be surprisingly hard to do and there are some blind spots, which are slowly getting filled over time. Thanks to Ruth Mottram, Andrew Watkins, Oliver Bothe and Mark McCarthy for suggestions and (many) additional links.

Overviews:

The eye of Sauron (The BAMS State of the Climate Report)
Once a year its burning gaze sweeps the earth frazzling hapless Orcs that get in its way.
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/bams-state-of-the-climate/
A lesser eyelet of Sauron would be the WMO annual statements:
https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/wcdmp/CA_2.php

One ring to rule them all
NCDC State of the Climate report is the uber monthly resource. Not only do they provide a global perspective, but they also link to primary sources wherever possible
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/

(a second ring to sort out the bureaucracy and such)
JMA also do a similar kind of thing to NCDC, but its more data oriented, sifting CLIMAT and SYNOP reports and highlighting interesting events in a more automated way.
http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/climate/
Particularly nice is the CLIMAT viewer which gives access to CLIMAT info in a map and click form
http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/gmd/tcc/tcc/products/climate/climatview/frame.php

(a third ring etc.)
WMO has a list of national met services. Climate isn’t necessarily managed by the met service. Some countries have an Agromet service or some sort of Hydrological service. These can be good starting points, but they can also mire you down in endless click circles and dodgy google tranlsations
https://www.wmo.int/pages/members/members_en.html

(A fourth ring running around in the background making sure all the computers work)
Climate Diagnostic Bulletins from CPC. This is a more technical exploration of the climate, focusing on large scale flow and such like:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/CDB/

(A fifth.. no, this is silly)
IRI map room. Uses CMAP data sets to provide up to date climate monitoring
http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/maproom/Global/index.html

Country or Regional resources:

This is something of a mixed bag. Some countries provide nice monthly summaries. Some provide news items about unusual events. Some do both, in different places. These are the ones I’ve found that have some form of regular or semi-regular climate reporting.

Africa – WMO Region 1
Regional Climate Centre fro WMO Region 1: Tunisia (covers North Africa)
http://www.meteo.tn/htmlen/donnees/climatemonitoring.php
ACMAD home –
http://acmad.net/new/
CPC African Desk
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/african_desk/cpc_intl/africa/africa.shtml

Asia – WMO Region 2
Regional Climate Centre for WMO Region 2: China
http://www.rccra2.org/channel.php?channelId=2
Regional Climate Centre for WMO Region 2: Tokyo (there’s one for Moscow too, but all the climate monitoring information is more than a year in arrears)
http://www.rccra2.org/channel.php?channelId=4
India – monsoon information (note this is a new page and it doesn’t work for me)
http://www.imd.gov.in/pages/monsoon_main.php
South Korea – climate summaries
http://web.kma.go.kr/eng/aboutkma/notice.jsp?bid=eng_notice&mode=view&num=72
Russia – monthly and other summaries
http://www.meteoinfo.ru/climat-tabl3

South America – WMO Region 3
Argentina – facebook page with up-to-date info and main website for special statements
https://www.facebook.com/ServClimaticosArgentina
http://www.smn.gov.ar/serviciosclimaticos/?mod=hidro&id=1
Mexico – monthly temperature and precip summaries with ENSO impacts etc.
http://smn.cna.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=99&Itemid=78
Caribbean Drought and Precipitation Monitoring Network (CDPMN)
http://63.175.159.26/~cdpmn/cdpmn.html
CIIFEN
http://crc-osa.ciifen.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=89&Itemid=446
ex-link – http://mail.ciifen.org/rcc/index.php/monitoreo-del-clima/diagnostico-climatico/reportes-regionales-del-sistema-del-clima
Brazil (some interactive map plotting tools)
http://www.inmet.gov.br/portal/index.php?r=clima/quantis2
Chile: Boletín Sequía Meteorológica
http://www.meteochile.gob.cl/prediccion_estacional.php
Colombia:
http://www.pronosticosyalertas.gov.co/jsp/informe-de-prediccion-climatica-y-alertas_895
Venezuela:
http://www.inameh.gob.ve/bc.php

North America – WMO Region 4
USA – NCDC
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/

Southwest Pacific – WMO Region 5
Australian Bureau of Meteorology
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/ General front page
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/ Special reports etc.
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/outlooks/#/overview/video Video overviews of the recent climate with an outlook for the next while
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/ahead/archive/outlooks/ Older outlooks

coral bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/media-room/coral-bleaching
Indonesia – google translate doesn’t like some of these pages. Not sure why.
http://www.bmkg.go.id/BMKG_Pusat/Informasi_Iklim/
New Zealand climate update
http://www.niwa.co.nz/climate/summaries
Fiji – monthly weather summaries (only past month, no archive, wayback archives very sporadic)
http://www.met.gov.fj/page.php?id=101
Tonga – monthly weather summaries (only past month, no archive, wayback archives very sporadic)
http://www.met.gov.to/index_files/last_months_climate_summary.pdf

Europe – WMO Region 6
DWD Region VI monitoring page (the URL gives you an idea of how easy they’ve made it to find information)
http://www.dwd.de/bvbw/appmanager/bvbw/dwdwwwDesktop?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=_dwdwww_klima_umwelt_ueberwachung_europa&T173400175921273147929285gsbDocumentPath=Content%2FOeffentlichkeit%2FKU%2FKU2%2FKU23%2Frcc-cm%2Fteaser__rcc-cm.html&_state=maximized&_windowLabel=T173400175921273147929285&lastPageLabel=_dwdwww_klima_umwelt_ueberwachung_europa
Climate Indicator Bulletins (not very regular, but very useful when they appear):
http://cib.knmi.nl/mediawiki/index.php/CIBs
Europe Severe Weather Database:
http://www.eswd.eu/cgi-bin/eswd.cgi
ECA&D map plotter
http://www.ecad.eu/utils/mapserver/eobs_maps.php
UK Met Office
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/summaries
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/public/weather/climate-anomalies/#?tab=climateAnomalies
Iceland – they have some data for selected stations
http://en.vedur.is/climatology/data/
Meteo France weather and climate news
http://www.meteofrance.fr/actualites;jsessionid=1C42B3A76EB619CD0355F9DC38B507DC.11
Norway climate stats
http://met.no/Klima/Klimastatistikk/Varet_i_Norge/2014/
Austrian Klima stats
http://www.zamg.ac.at/cms/de/klima
Slovakian climate blog
http://www.shmu.sk/sk/?page=2049
Slovenia natural hazards news
http://meteo.arso.gov.si/met/sl/climate/natural-hazards/
Serbia, pdf monthly bulletins that google translate mangles
http://www.hidmet.gov.rs/ciril/meteorologija/agrometeorologija.php
KNMI – knowledge centre – provides in depth studies of certain events.
http://www.knmi.nl/cms/kenniscentrum
Met Eireann – The Irish Met Service Online – Monthly weather summaries
http://www.met.ie/climate/monthly-weather-reports.asp
Switzerland
http://www.meteoswiss.admin.ch/web/en/climate/climate_today.html
Denmark – annual temperature plots
http://www.dmi.dk/en/klima/klimaet-frem-til-i-dag/danmark/temperatur/
Portugal – lots of plots, with info under climate and agromet tabs
https://www.ipma.pt/en/oclima/monitorizacao/
https://www.ipma.pt/en/agrometeorologia/info-mensal/
http://www.ipma.pt/pt/publicacoes/boletins.jsp?cmbDep=cli&idDep=cli&idTema=&curAno=-1

Topic related

Global Temperatures and surface temperature data sets
Met Office Hadley Centre hadobs web page for HadCRUT4
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadcrut4/
Cowtan and Way – based on HadCRUT with the gaps filled by Kriging (various flavours)
http://www-users.york.ac.uk/~kdc3/papers/coverage2013/series.html
NOAA NCDC MLOST
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/monitoring-references/faq/anomalies.php
ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/mlost/operational/products/ (the good stuff, numbers and such)
GISTEMP NASA GISS
http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/
JMA – not so widely used, but has been reported a lot recently. Frustratingly, no data just plots.
http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/gwp/temp/ann_wld.html
Berkeley Earth – not updated frequently, but has loads of useful tools for looking at continents, countries etc.
http://www.berkeleyearth.org/

Tropospheric Temperatures
UAH MSU
http://www.nsstc.uah.edu/data/msu/t2lt/uahncdc_lt_5.6.txt
RSS MSU
http://www.remss.com/measurements/upper-air-temperature
http://data.remss.com/msu/monthly_time_series/ (just cut to the data already)

Ocean Heat Content
http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/3M_HEAT_CONTENT/

ENSO
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/ BoM ENSO wrap up – the ne plus ultra of ENSO monitoring
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/ensodisc.html
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/lanina/enso_evolution-status-fcsts-web.pdf CPC also provide detailed weekly diagnostics
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/wcasp/enso_update_latest.html WMO status update
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/enso/mei/index.html#data Multivariate ENSO index
http://iri.columbia.edu/news/ IRI post news bulletins with a bit of a richer context

Tropical Storms, Cyclones, Typhoons, Hurricanes
Historical tracks and climatologies can be found in IBTrACS:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ibtracs/index.php?name=ibtracs-tab-num-ann-nhc
National Hurricane Centre (North Atlantic, East Pacific)
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIATWSAT.shtml
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIATWSEP.shtml
Central Pacific
http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/tcpages/archive.php
Northern Indian Ocean
http://www.rsmcnewdelhi.imd.gov.in/index.php?lang=en
Southwest Indian Ocean
http://www.meteo.fr/temps/domtom/La_Reunion/webcmrs9.0/anglais/index.html
http://www.meteofrance.re/cyclone/saisons-passees
Australia
http://www.bom.gov.au/announcements/sevwx/
Pretty good overall summaries for all basins
http://weather.unisys.com/hurricane/index.php
It can be fun to look at pressure, wind speed and wave heights from NDBC buoys when a tropical storm passes over:
http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/
Wikipedia is pretty good on tropical storms
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_hurricane_season
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_hurricane#List_of_seasons
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_typhoon_climatology
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Indian_Ocean_tropical_cyclone_season#2010s
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South-West_Indian_Ocean_tropical_cyclone_climatology#2010s
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_region_tropical_cyclone_climatology#2010s
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Pacific_tropical_cyclone_season#2010s

Sea level
CSIRO and Colorado provide estimates of global sea level using altimeters
http://www.cmar.csiro.au/sealevel/sl_hist_last_15.html
http://sealevel.colorado.edu
Pacific island sea level summaries are summarised by BoM
http://www.bom.gov.au/pacific/projects/pslm/index.shtml

NOAA sea level trend maps: http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/LSA_SLR_maps.php

Colorado sea level wizard: http://sealevel.colorado.edu/content/interactive-sea-level-time-series-wizard

Sahel rainfall
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/global_monitoring/precipitation/wafrica_1yrprec.shtml

Indian monsoon
http://www.imd.gov.in/section/nhac/dynamic/Monsoon_frame.htm
http://www.tropmet.res.in/~kolli/mol/first.html

Snow and ice
The PolarPortal is a good source for tracking Arctic ice and climate, such as sea ice extent and thickness as well as Greenland ice sheet surface conditions:
http://polarportal.dk/en/home/
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) sea ice
http://nsidc.org/data/seaice_index/
Greenland ice sheet
http://nsidc.org/greenland-today/
Rutgers snow lab for northern hemisphere snow cover monitoring
http://climate.rutgers.edu/snowcover/index.php

Odds and Ends

KNMI Climate Explorer – a handy but limited tool for playing with lots of data sets
http://climexp.knmi.nl/start.cgi?someone@somewhere
Weather Underground: monthly summaries of climate events and extremes and an awkward and slow but handy tool for finding heatwaves by station
http://deutsch.wunderground.com/blog/weatherhistorian/comment.html?entrynum=312
http://www.wunderground.com/history/airport/SATK/2014/10/19/DailyHistory.html
Reading Weather and Climate blog
http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/weather-and-climate-at-reading/
Ogimet – amateur store of CLIMAT/SYNOP messages
http://www.ogimet.com/index.phtml.en
The Euporias weekly digest
http://paper.li/carlo_tuitter/1379071462

Impacts
For some events, you can find information on impacts here:
http://reliefweb.int/
http://www.unocha.org/
Reading Global Hazards Weekly Bulletin
http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/extreme.html

Slower update cycles
The US Global Change website has maps an info, that’s apparently updated, but I’m not sure how frequently.
http://www.globalchange.gov/browse
IPCC AR5 WG1 has a kind of monitoring component, chiefly Chapters 2 and 3.
http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg1/
The Deep-C project has more resources on the Pause/Hiatus/Hiccough/Speedbump/Slowdown in warming
http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/research/DEEP-C.html
CSIRO produce state of the climate reports too
http://www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Climate/Understanding/State-of-the-Climate-2014.aspx

4 thoughts on “Climate Monitoring Resources”

  1. Thanks for doing this John, these kinds of things are very useful.
    This if for empirical data only, no models or reanalyses?

    • Thanks Jim, I’m glad you find it useful. It’s for any kind of climate monitoring resource provided it’s updated regularly and that I think might be useful.
      Cheers,
      John

  2. Deke Arndt said:

    Hi John, thanks, this is amazing. I wish I had seen it earlier in my career. I’d know stuff

  3. http://www.changedetection.com/ can be useful — get notice when there’s a minor or major change on a website. Hat tip to James Annan at Stoat for mentioning that tool.

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