Over land areas, February 2015 was unusually warm across most land areas with the largest anomalies over Asia and the western half of north America. Across Russia, from Karelia to Kamchatka and from Tiksi to Sochi new daily and monthly temperature records were set (http://www.meteoinfo.ru/climate/climat-tabl3/-2015-/10674–2015). In contrast, the eastern half of north America was unusually cold. Areas of north Africa and southwest Europe, Greenland, Antarctica, and small areas of southern Africa and South America were also cooler than average.

The western half of the US was very warm. Four states – Arizona, California, Utah and Washington – had their warmest Februarys on record. In the east, 23 states had one of their 10 coldest Februarys on record. Nine had their second coldest, but none was record cold. Great Lakes ice cover was unusually high for the second year in a row. On March 1st 88% of the lakes were ice covered. Boulder Colorado had its wettest February on record. 3.69 inches of precipitation fell, 450 percent of normal, and 54.8 inches of snow, 22.7 inches greater than the previous record set in 2012.

Australia had its second warmest February on record and precipitation across the country averaged 51% of the long term mean. Tropical cyclones Marcia and Lam brought heavy rainfall to the east coast. (http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/month/aus/archive/201502.summary.shtml)

Heavy rain affected countries around the Mediterranean including Algeria, Tunisia, Italy and the southern Balkan Peninsula. There was flooding in southern and south-eastern parts of Albania. Around 42000 people were affected, 3500 head of livestock died, and 17000 acres of farmland were flooded. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece and Bulgaria were also affected by flooding. (http://reliefweb.int/disaster/fl-2015-000009-alb)

The area of above average precipitation extended east from the Mediterranean to Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan. In Afghanistan heavy snowfalls, avalanches, rain and floods affected an estimated 7,018 families in 22 provinces. A total of 254 people were killed and 72 people were injured. 1,312 houses were destroyed and 5,285 houses were damaged. (http://reliefweb.int/disaster/av-2015-000016-afg). Large areas of Russia were also wetter than average with the highest absolute anomalies recorded in the west of the country.

Northern Spain (Some stations reporting record rainfall for the month http://www.aemet.es/en/noticias/2015/03/climaticofebrero2015) and southwest France were wetter than average and parts of Norway (Where some places received 250-350% of normal rainfall http://met.no/Klima/Varet_i_Norge/2015/filestore/2015-022.pdf) and northern Sweden. In contrast, central through to eastern Europe was drier than average with some areas receiving less than 20% of the long term average precipitation for the month. Austria was mostly drier than average (http://www.zamg.ac.at/cms/de/klima/news/februar-2015-groesstenteils-wenig-regen-und-schnee). Stations in Norway recorded Hurricane force winds associated with a storm dubbed Ole on February 7th.

Beginning in September 2014, floods, heavy rains, hail and landslides affected several parts of Peru including Arequipa, Loreto, Cusco, Amazonas, and San Martin. As of the beginning of February 2015, various districts of the forest areas were under a state of emergency as a result of weeks of rains. In the departments of Loreto and San Martín, more than 30,000 people have been affected and 2,000 are homeless. (http://reliefweb.int/disaster/fl-2015-000011)

At the beginning of February 2015, rains, floods and hailstorms had affected 54 municipalities, of which 30 had declared a state of emergency, in six departments in Bolivia, affecting 75,000 people (about 15,000 families); 21 people had been killed. http://reliefweb.int/disaster/fl-2015-000008-bol

Following from a wet January (and, indeed, a wet 2014), Argentina again received above average rainfall totals in February. According to the Dartmouth Flood Observatory, there was flooding associated with heavy rain, which lasted around 10 days (15-24 Feb) and killed seven.

Mexico and the Dominican Republic also had higher than average precipitation.

Madagascar flooding in January and February associated with heavy rain from tropical storm Chedza (16-18 January) and tropical storm Fundi (6-8 February)

Rainfall was far below average in Angola, Namibia and parts of South Africa.

Low Arctic sea ice, high Antarctic sea ice: http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2015/03/possibly-low-in-the-north-definitely-high-in-the-south/

New Zealand http://www.niwa.co.nz/new-zealand-climate-update-189-march-2015/current-climate-%E2%80%93-february-2015

Tropical Storms
NW Pacific – Typhoon Higos (7-11 February)
SW Pacific – Cyclone Lam (16-19 February)
Cyclone Marcia (18-20 February)
SW Indian – Cyclone Eunice (27 January-2 February)
Tropical Storm Fundi (6-8 February)
Tropical Storm Glenda (24-28 February)

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